Sports Medicine

Injured while playing a sport?

Well here at Access Physical Therapy we can help, Sports injuries occur to athletes in major sporting events. In most cases, these types of injuries are usually caused from the over-usage of a part of the body when participating in a certain activity. For example, ACL sprain is a ligament involved in knee stabilization. This type of injury typically occur when the foot is planted and the knee twist to change direction. Whereas, Tennis elbow is a form of repetitive stress injury of the elbow which may occur while playing golf or baseball. Other forms of sports injuries can be caused when hard contact with something occurs such as playing Football. This could cause broken bones or torn ligaments or tendons.

Traumatic sports injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as Football, Rugby, Boxing, wrestling, lacrosse and kickboxing because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports. Injuries range from bruises and muscle strains, to fractures and head injuries.

A bruise or contusion is damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues. A muscle strain is a small tear of muscle fibers and a ligament sprain is a small tear of ligament tissue. The body’s response to these sports injuries is the same in the initial five day period immediately following the traumatic incident - inflammation.

Inflammation is characterized by pain, localized swelling, heat, redness and a loss of function.

How can you prevent Traumatic Sports injuries?

Warm Up

Before starting any sports activity make sure to do a light warm up before getting started. Warming up before fully engaging in any sports activity helps reduce the likelihood of an injury. A sufficient warm-up session should last at least 5-10 minutes, which include stretching and exercising the muscles.



Using proper technique is fundamental to preventing sports injury. It is important to learn the correct techniques associated with the corresponding sport that you choose to perform. Doing so insures that an individual can greatly reduce the risk of sports-related injury to muscles, tendons and bones. This is also important in the gym, where experts will be on hand to help you use all equipment safely and effectively.


Do not over-reach yourself

Know your Limits. It is important to listen to your body what engaging in any form of physical l activity. If you are just starting out new at a sport, start out slowly to avoid muscle pulling and straining. If you have not partaken in any strenuous exercise for some time, it is very important that you work towards building up your stamina and strength gradually in an effort to avoid any injuries.


Remain hydrated

Keeping body fully hydrated is essential to keeping the body going. Exercising in extreme heat or in sunny weather is important to keep your body hydrated as dehydration can significantly reduce mental and physical fitness.

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